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The Basics of Nine Ball

Posted by : PoolDawg Staff

We all love pool, whether its 8 ball, 9 ball or any of the other myriad of games you can play on a pool table. Surprisingly enough, there is quite a bit of confusion and dissension as to the actual rules of these games. In order to shed some light onto the rules, we decided to give an overview of the rules of the game with the help of our friends from the Billiards Congress of America (BCA). Keep in mind though that these are just the basics. For the complete rules, we recommend that you visit the BCA's website.

How to Play 9 Ball - The Basics

The Object of the Game
Simple enough. You play with 9 balls (numbers 1-9). After the break, you have to clear the balls in numerical order. The person to sink the nine ball wins.

The Rack
Rack'em in a diamond shape with the 1 ball at the top on the foot and the 9 ball in the center. The other balls don't have a specific order, so random is fine. Rack 'em tight.

The Break
Usually the one who wins the opening lag gets the first break. After the opening break, breaking order varies based on the rules you set up at the start. The most common breaking orders are either alternating or loser breaks. Be sure to set the break rules BEFORE the start of a game.

As for the break itself, you have to hit the 1 ball first for the break to be legal. If you sink a ball, you keep going. If you don't sink one, your turn is over. If you scratch, your opponent has ball in hand anywhere on the table.

Winning the Game
All you need to do is be the one who sinks the 9 ball. Going in order, the nine ball is going to be the last ball on the table. You can also win by sinking the nine on a combo as long as the first ball you hit is the lowest number ball on the table.

That's the basics. Of course there are lots of other rules dealing with push outs, fouls, bad hits, masse shots, jump shots and the like. That's why you should go and check out the BCA's official rules. The basics pretty much always stay the same, but with changes in playing gear and technology come small changes to the game and it seems like every year there's at least one or two rule changes.

That's it. Go out, have fun and run out!

Special thanks to the BCA for shedding light on this topic and creating the rules that are so easy to understand and follow.